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آزمایشگاه شیمی - ساخت یک نوع پلاستیک جدید به وسیله پوست پرتقال و دی اکسید کربن


این شیوه در آینده ممکن است جایگزین استفاده از نفت به عنوان ماده اصلی برای تولید مواد پلاستیکی شود. پژوهشگران دانشگاه کورنل با ترکیب دی اکسید کربن که عمده ترین گاز گلخانه ای است و یک نوع روغن موجود در پوست پرتغال یک پلیمر تازه ساخته اند. پلاستیک ها یک نوع پلیمر هستند که از ملکول های بلند زنجیره ای با پایه کربنی تشکیل شده است. لیمونین یک نوع ترکیب کربنی است که 95 درصد روغن موجود در پوست پرتغال را تشکیل می دهد و از آن برای خوشبو کردن مواد پاک کننده استفاده می شود. جفری کوتس، استاد شیمی در دانشگاه کورنل در ایتاکا در ایالت نیویورک آمریکا و همکارانش از یکی از مشتقات این روغن به نام اکسید لیمونین به عنوان یکی از مصالح تولید پلیمر استفاده کردند. محققان از یک ملکول کمکی یا کاتالیزور استفاده کردند تا اکسید لیمونین وادار کنند طی فعل و انفعالی شیمیایی با دی اکسید کربن، پلیمر تازه ای به نام کربنات پلی لیمونین تشکیل دهد. منبع قابل تجدید این پلیمر دارای بسیاری از خصوصیات پلی استیرین است که در بسیاری از محصولات پلاستیکی یک بار مصرف استفاده می شود. پروفسور کوتس گفت: تقریبا تمامی پلاستیک های موجود، از پلی استیرین در لباس گرفته تا پلاستیک هایی که برای بسته بندی مواد غذایی و محصولات الکترونیکی استفاده می شود، با استفاده از نفت، به عنوان یک ماده اصلی تشکیل دهنده، ساخته شده است. اگر بتوان مصرف نفت را کنار گذاشت و در عوض از منابع فراوان، قابل تجدید و ارزان استفاده کرد، در آن صورت باید درباره آن تحقیق کنیم. نکته هیجان انگیز در مورد این مطالعه این است که ما با استفاده از منابع کاملا قابل تجدید قادریم پلاستیکی با کیفیت خیلی خوب بسازیم. تیم آقای کوتس علاقه مند است از دی اکسید کربن نیز به عنوان جایگزینی برای مصالح سازنده پلیمرها استفاده کند. این گاز را می توان جدا کرده و از آن برای تولید پلاستیک هایی مانند اکسید پلی لیمونین استفاده کرد. دی اکسید کربن عمده ترین گاز گلخانه ای است که در اثر سوزاندن سوخت های فسیلی و قطع درختان جنگل ها در هوا متصاعد می شود.

منبع:chemnews.blogfa


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